Some Characteristics of this Surah
This Surah generally deals with those rules of Shari` ah which aim at preserving chastity and enjoin hijab for women. These rules end up with the punishment prescribed for zina (adultery or fornication). The previous Surah (Al-Mu’minun) had spelt out the basic qualities necessary for attainment of success in this world and in the Hereafter. One of these qualities was to guard one’s private parts against illicit sexual acts (verse 4 of that Surah). Now the present Surah describes the detailed rules meant to acquire this quality. That is why the women are especially directed to learn this Surah. Sayyidna ` Umar (رض) issued a directive to people of Kufah in which he advised them to teach Surah An-Nar to women.
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