About Surah Al-Waqi’ah
Ibn Abbas – رضي الله عنهما – narrated, as is the case with al-Bayhaqi and others, that it is a Makki surah, and the number of its verses is 96, and the date of its revelation was after Surat Taha.
It was called Surat Al-Waqi’ah: to confirm its occurrence, and it is one of the names of the Day of Resurrection.
Reasons for the revelation of Surah Al-Waqi’ah:
We do not know a specific reason for the revelation of Surat al-Waqi’ah as a whole, except for the reasons for the revelation of some of its verses, on the authority of Ibn Abbas – رضي الله عنهما— he said: It rained people during the time of the Messenger of God – صلى الله عليه وسلم -, and he said: “Among the people became thankful and some of them were infidels. They said: This is God’s mercy, and some of them said: Such-and-such light has been true.He said: So this verse was revealed: (فَلا أُقْسِمُ بِمَوَاقِعِ النُّجُومِ) (So I do not swear by the locations of the stars).
Ibn Asaker brought out in Tarikh Ibn e Asaker with a chain of narration in which he looked from the path of Urwa bin Roym on the authority of Jabir bin Abdullah who said: “When it was revealed: (إذا وقعت الواقعة
And he mentioned in it (ثلة من الأولين، وثلة من الآخرين) (a few of the first * and a few of the others),
Virtues of Surah Al-Waqi’ah:
On the authority of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, he said: (I asked the Prophet – صلى الله عليه وسلم – what is your gray hair? He said: “Surah Hud, Surah Al-Waqi’ah, Surah Al-Mursalat, and Surah Izashshamsu Kuwwirat.
On the authority of Khalid bin Madan, he said: (The Messenger of God, صلى الله عليه وسلم) did not sleep until he recited the Al Musabbihaat. And he says: “In it there is a verse like a thousand verses.”
Ibn Kathir cites a story on the authority of Ibn ` Asakir from Abu Zabyah that when Sayyidna ` Abdullah Ibn Masud (رض) was lying on his deathbed, Sayyidna ` Uthman (رض) paid him a visit and the following conversation ensued.
` Uthman: (رض) : مَا تَشتَکِي؟ “What are you suffering from?”
Ibn Masud (رض) ! ذُنُوبِي ” from my sins.”
` Uthman (رض) : مَا تشتهي؟ “Do you desire anything?”
Ibn Masud (رضرحمة ربي :”Yes, Allah’s mercy.”
` Uthman : (رض) : اَلَاَ آمُرُلَکَ بِطَيبِ؟ “Shall I call a doctor for you?”
Ibn Masud (رض) ! اَطَّبِيبُ اَمرَضَنِی “It is the doctor who has given me the ailment.”
` Uthman: (رض) اَلاَ آمُرُ لَکَ بِعَطَاءِ ؟ “May I send you an allowance from the public treasury?”
Ibn Masud (رض) ” ! لا حَاجةَ لِي فيه “I have no need for it.”
` Uthman (رض) يَکُونُ لِبَنَاتِکَ مِن بَعدِک “Accept it, [ please ]. You are leaving daughters behind you. It will help them.”
Ibn Masudقَالَ: أَتَخْشَى عَلَى بَنَاتِي الْفَقْرَ؟ إِنِّي أَمَرْتُ بَنَاتِي يَقْرَأْنَ كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ سُورَةَ الْوَاقِعَةِ، إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وسلم يَقُولُ: “مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْوَاقِعَةِ كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ، لَمْ تُصِبْهُ فَاقَةٌ أَبَدًا (تفسير ابن كثير ت سلامة (7/ 512)”.”You are worried about my daughters that they must not suffer from poverty. I have no such worry, because I have instructed them to recite Surah Al-Waqi` ah every night. I have heard the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) say, مَنْ قَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْوَاقِعَةِ كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ، لَمْ تُصِبْهُ فَاقَةٌ أَبَدًا ‘Whoever recites Surah Al-Waqi` ah every night will never suffer from poverty’.”
Ibn Kathir, after citing this story from Ibn ` Asakir, has supported it with other chains of transmitters and other sources.
Surat Al-Waqi’ah is so amazing that Masruq says in the Siyarul aalam al nubala’ flags: “Every knowledge is in Surat Al-Waqi’ah. Al-Dhahabi said: It is in its chapter, because in its chapter there are marvels for those who read it with contemplation.
Some lessons and lessons from Surat Al-Waqi’ah are as follows:
Remind the Muslim of death and the Day of Resurrection.
Reminder of the bliss of Paradise that the righteous will receive.
Divide people into three sections to compete in doing good.
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