Qurbani ka tarika

Qurbani ka Tarika Aur Us Ki Dua In Hindi/Urdu

Qurbani Keya hai? Aur Keyu ki Jati hai?

Qurbani Allah ke nabi Hazrat Ibraheem Alaihisslam ki Sunnat hai, Quran Shareef me aaya hai ki: jab ibraheem allaihisslam ne khoaab me dekha ki wah apne eklaute bete hazrat Ismayeel alihisslam ki Qurbani kar rahe hain, aur yah khoaab baar baar dekha to unhon ne is ke bare me apne bete se bataya, to beta khushi khushi allah ki raah me qurban hone ke liye tayyar ho gaya.

 

Ab jaise hi Ibraheem (A S) ne bete zabah karne ke liye us ke garden par chhuri pheri Allah tala ne aasman se ek dumba bheja, aur kaha ki: “ai ibraheem is ko zabah karo hum tumhara exam lena chahte the bachche zabah karane ka maqsad hamara nahi tha tum exam me kamyab ho gaye”. Allah tala ko Ibraheem alihisslam ka yah shauq aur jazba itna pasand aaya ki qayamat tak ke liye aap ki is is sunnat ko jari kar diya, isi liye puri dunya ke musalman har saal Ibraheem (A S) ki yaad me Qurbani karte hain aur un ki sunnat ko zinda karte hain.

 

Rasulullah (S A W) madina monauwwara me 10 saal tak rahe aur har saal brabar Qurbani karte rahe, aur Sahaba ko qurbani karne par zoor bhi dete the.

Qurbani ki Fazeelat aur ahmiyat

عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ، قَالَ: قَالَ أَصْحَابُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا هَذِهِ الْأَضَاحِيُّ؟ قَالَ: «سُنَّةُ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ» قَالُوا: فَمَا لَنَا فِيهَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ؟ قَالَ: «بِكُلِّ شَعَرَةٍ، حَسَنَةٌ» قَالُوا: ” فَالصُّوفُ؟ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ: «بِكُلِّ شَعَرَةٍ مِنَ الصُّوفِ، حَسَنَةٌ». رواه ابن ماجه (3127)، والبيهقي في السنن الكبرى (19017).

Translation: Hazrat Zaid bin Arqam (R Z) se riwayat hai ki Sahaba ne Rasuluuah (S A W) se sawal kiya ki: ai allah ke rasool! Qurbani keya hai? Aap ne jawab diya ki: “yah Hazrat Ibraheem (A S) ki Sunnat hai”, phir Sahaba ne poochha hamara is me keya fayda hai? Aap ne farmaya: “Qurbani ke janwar ke har baal ke badle me ek neki mile gi” (Sunan e Ibn e Majah: Hadees No: 3127, Sunan e Baihaqi Hadees No: 19017).

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: مَا عَمِلَ آدَمِيٌّ مِنْ عَمَلٍ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ أَحَبَّ إِلَى اللهِ مِنْ إِهْرَاقِ الدَّمِ، إِنَّهُ لَيَأْتِي يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ بِقُرُونِهَا وَأَشْعَارِهَا وَأَظْلاَفِهَا، وَأَنَّ الدَّمَ لَيَقَعُ مِنَ اللهِ بِمَكَانٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَقَعَ مِنَ الأَرْضِ، فَطِيبُوا بِهَا نَفْسًا. رواه الترمذي في سننه (1493).

Translation: Hazrat Aisha (R Z) se riwayat hai ki Rasulullah (S A W) ne farmaya ki: “Bakra eid ke din insaan ka koyi bhi kaam allah ke nazdeek khoon bahane (yani qurbani karne) se zada behtar aur achchha nahi hai, wah Qurbani qayamat ke din apne singhon khuron, aur balon samet aaye gi, Qurbani ka khoon zameen par girne se pahle hi allah ke yahan qabool ho jata hai, to us qurbani ke sath apne dil ko khush karo ”. (Tirmizi Shareef Hadees No: 1493).

Qurbani Kis Par Zaruri Hai?

Har musalman jis par Zakat farz hai yani wah har saal zakat deta hai us par qurbani zaruri hai, aur zakat us aadmi par zaruri hoti hai jo sare 52 tola silver ya sare 7 tola gold ya itni hi saman ki qimat ka malik ho us par qurbani karna zaruri hai.

Qurbani ke mamle aadmi ke paas jo maal hai us par saal ka guzarna zaruri nahi, qurabani ke do teen month pahle gareeb tha aur qurbani k ek week pahle wah maaldar ho gaya tab bhi us par qurbani zaruri hai.

Qurbani ka time

Jin cities ya villages me eid bakra eid ki namaz hoti hai wahan par bakra eid ki namaz se pahle qurbani jayez nahi hai, aur jahan par bakra eid ki namaz nahi hoti wahan bakra eid ki subah se qurbani kar sakte hai.

Qurbani ka time 10 Zilhijjah (bakra eid ke din) se start ho kar tisre din asar ki namaz tak rahta hai.

Qurabani ke Janwar

Dumba, Bakra, bher ki Qurbani only ek aadmi ki taraf se ki ja sakti hai,  aur cow, bail, bhains, aur camel ki Qurbani 7 logon ki taraf se ki jasakti hai.

Masla: Bakra, bakri ke liye 1 year ka hona zaruri hai, aur bher aur dumba agar mota aur tayyar ho, dekhne me 1 year ka maloom ho to us ki qurbani kar sakte hain.

Masla: Jis janwar ka seengh jar se ukhad ya toot gaya ho us ki qurbani nahi kar sakte.

Masla: andhe, kane, langde janwar ki qurbani sahi nahi hai.

Masla: jis janwar ka kaan zada kata ho us ki bhi qurbani sahi nahi.

Masla: janwar kharidne ke baad us me koyi aib nikal gaya to agar aadmi sahb e nisab yani maaldar hai to us ki qurbani sahi nahi, aur agar gareeb ho to wah us ki qurbani kar sakta hai

Qurbani Ka Sunnat Tarika

Apni qurbani ko khud apne hath se karna sab se achchha hai, keyu ki Huzoor (S A W) apne hath se qurbani karte the, agar aadmi khud achchhi tarah se zabah nahi kar sakta to dosre se zabah kra sakta hai magar zabah ke waqt qurbani ke janwar ke paas rahna afzal aur bahtar hai,

Qurbani se pahle janwar ko khoob achchhi tarah bandh de, aur us ko Qibla yani khana kaba ki taraf kar de, aur zabah karne wala khud bhi qibla ki taraf ho jaye, aur chhuri ko bhi tez kar le.

Qurbani ki dua aur us ki Niyyat

Qurbani ki niyyat dil se kar lena kafi hai, zaban se kahne ki zarurat nahi, lekin zabah karte waqt

”BIS MILLAH ALLAHU AKBAR” kahna zaruri hai.

Sunnat yah hai ki janwar qibla ki taraf lita kar yah dua padhe:

إِنِّي وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلَاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ، بِسْمِ الله الله أَكْبَرُ.

Qurbani ki dua

Qurbani Ki Dua In Hindi:

INNI WAJJAHTU WAJHIA LILLAZI FATARAS SAMAWAATI WL ARZ HANEEFA W MA ANA MINAL MUSHRIKEEN, INNA SALATI W NUSUKI W MAHYAYA W MAMATI LILLAHI RABBIL AALMEEN, LA SHARIKA LAHU, W BIZALIKA UMIRTU, W ANA AWWALUL MUSLIMEEN, BIS MILLAH ALLAHU AKBAR.

yah padh kar janwar ko zabah kare, zabah karne ke baad yah dua padhe

اللهم تقبله مني كما تقبلت من حبيبك محمد وخليلك إبراهيم عليه السلام

“ALLAHUMMA TAQABBALHU MINNI KAMA TAQBALLTA MIN HABIBIKA MUHAMMAD, W KHALILIKA IBRAHEEM ALIHISSLAM”

Note: Dua me “Minni” us waqt kahte hain jab khud apni qurbani kar raha ho, aur dosre ki qurbani ho to “Min” ke baad us admi ka naam le, for example: “MIN HAMID”, ya “MIN RASHID” wgaira.

Qurbani Ka Gosht

Jis janwar ek se zada hisse dar hon to gosht ko weight ya wazan kar ke banta jaye, andaze se nahi, us ke baad apni qurbani ke gosht ka 3 hissa kare, ek hissa apne ghar walon ke liye, dosra apne friends ke liye, aur tisra hissa garibon me bant de.

Masla: Qurbani ka gosht bechna haram hai.

Masla: Zabah karne wale ya qasayi ki mazdoori me gosh ya qurbani ki khaal dena sahi nahi hai.

Qurbani Ki Khaal

Qurbani ki khal ko apne kaam me lana sahi hai, agar khaal ko bech dia to us paise ka sadqa karna zaruri hai, Qurbani ki khaal ko dini madarson me dena sab se achchha hai, ya aisi N G O ko bhi de sakte hai jo us paise se garibon ki help karti ho.

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