Surah Tauba Ayat 40 In Arabic
إِلَّا تَنْصُرُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَرَهُ اللَّهُ إِذْ أَخْرَجَهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُمَا فِي الْغَارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَنَا ۖ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَيَّدَهُ بِجُنُودٍ لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَجَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا السُّفْلَىٰ ۗ وَكَلِمَةُ اللَّهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ ﴿40﴾
Surah Tauba Ayat 40 Transliteration
Illaa tansuroohu faqad nasarahul laahu iz akhrajahul lazeena kafaroo saaniyasnaini iz humaa filghaari iz yaqoolu lisaahibihee laa tahzan innnal laaha ma’anaa; fa anzalallaahu sakeenatahoo ‘alaihi wa aiyadahoo bijunoodil lam tarawhaa wa ja’ala kalimatal lazeena kafarus suflaa; wa Kalimatul laahi hiyal ‘ulyaa; wallaahu ‘Azeezun Hakeem
Surah Tauba Ayat 40 Ayat Translation
If ye help him not, still Allah helped him when those who disbelieve drove him forth, the second of two; when they two were in the cave, when he said unto his comrade: Grieve not. Lo! Allah is with us. Then Allah caused His peace of reassurance to descend upon him and supported him with hosts ye cannot see, and made the word of those who disbelieved the nethermost, while Allah’s Word it was that became the uppermost. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[From Holy Quran Translation by Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall]
Surah Tauba Ayat 40 Explanation
In the third verse (40), by citing the event of the Hijrah of the Holy Prophet*, it has been stressed that the Rasul of Allah has no need to depend on any human help and support. Allah can help him directly through unseen factors – as it happened at the time of Hijrah when his own people had forced him to leave his homeland. On this journey, the only companion he had was Sayyidna Abu Bakr (رض) the true one. Enemy foot soldiers and riders were looking for them in hot pur¬suit. The place to hide he had found was no fortified fortress. It was just a cave and the enemy search party had reached close to its edges. Inside it, the companion of the cave, Sayyidna Abu Bakr (رض) was worried, not for his own safety, but about his master. He was in fear lest the enemy outside were to harm the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) . But, the master himself was sitting calm like a mountain at peace. Not simply that he was himself cool and collected, he was telling his companion, Sayyidna Abu Bakr: (رض) لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ مَعَنَا (` la tahzan innallaha ma` ana’: Do not grieve. Allah is with us).
What has been said here is composed of a couple of words, easy and effortless as they sound. But, let those listening place the blueprint of conditions prevailing before their eyes, cross their hearts and ask: Can someone dependent on mere material means be that tranquil? Every honest person would say that it was just not possible. The reason for this was no other but that which the Qur’an has given in the next sentence:
So, Allah sent down His tranquility on him and strengthened him with troops you did not see …
These troops could be troops of angels, and of the elemental forces of the entire universe too – for they are, so to say, a virtual army of Al¬lah. When this happened, the ultimate came to be. The word of disbe¬lievers was rendered low and the word of Allah remained the highest.
[From Ma’ariful Quran English by Mufti Taqi Uthmani]
Surah Taubah Ayat 113 In Arabic
مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَىٰ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ ﴿113﴾
Surah Taubah Ayat 113 Transliteration
Maa kaana lin nabiyyi wallazeena aamanooo ‘any yastaghfiroo lil mushrikeena wa law kaanoo ulee qurbaa min ba’di maa tabiyana lahum annahum Ashaabul jaheem
Surah Taubah Ayat 113 Translation
It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of idolaters even though they may be near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that they are people of hell-fire.
Surah Taubah Ayat 113 Explanation
The entire Surah At-Taubah consists of injunctions of absolution and withdrawal from kafirs (disbelievers) and mushriks (those who associate partners with Allah). The Surah opens with the words: بَرَاءَةٌ مِّنَ اللَّـهِ (Here is a withdrawal [ proclaimed ] by Allah) and that is why this Surah is also known as Surah al-Bara’ah. The injunctions appearing earlier relate to withdrawal and severance of relationships with kafirs and mushriks in this worldly life. The same injunction of withdrawal and severance of relationships appears in the present verses, but it relates to the life hereinafter. It makes it impermissible even to pray for the forgiveness of kafirs and mushriks after their death – as it ap¬pears in a previous verse (84) where the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) has been prohibited from offering funeral prayers for hypocrites.
The background of revelation
The event that was the cause or background of the revelation of this ayah has been reported in a narrative appearing in the Sahih of al-Bukhari and Muslim. According to this report, Abu Talib, the uncle of the Holy Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم had not, though, embraced Islam, yet he continued to support and protect the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) throughout his life. He did not listen to any member of his clan in this matter. The Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) too was concerned about him. He wished that his uncle would somehow recite the Kalimah and embrace Islam. He would thus be able to intercede on his behalf and he could have his deliverance from the punishment of Jahannam. When Abu Talib was suffering from his last sickness and death became certain, the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) was worried. He wished if his un¬cle were to recite the Kalimah even now, things might work for him. He came close to him in that state of anxiety – but, Abu Jahl and ` Abdullah ibn Umayyah (disbelieving diehards) were already there. He said, ` my uncle, recite the Kalimah: لا إلہ إلا اللہ (La ilaha illallah).
I shall try to seek forgiveness for you.’ But, Abu Jahl interrupted, ` would you forsake the faith of ` Abd al-Muttalib (father of Abu Talib)?’ The Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) repeated what he had said several times. But, every time, Abu Jahl would say the same thing he had said before – until the last words spoken by Abu Talib were, ` I am on the faith of ` Abd al-Muttalib.’ It was in this very condition that he died. Then, the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) swore that he would continue seeking forgiveness for him until he was prohibited from it. Thereupon, this verse of prohibition was revealed where the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and all Muslims were prohibited from praying for the forgiveness of kafirs and mushriks – even if they were close relatives.
[From Ma’ariful Quran English by Mufti Taqi Uthmani]
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