The Virtues of Surah Mulk
Prophetic Tradition has named this Surah as Waqiyah (protector) and Munjiyah (saviour) as well. In a Tradition, the Holy Prophet (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) is reported to have said:
قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «هِيَ المَانِعَةُ، هِيَ المُنْجِيَةُ، تُنْجِيهِ مِنْ عَذَابِ القَبْرِ». )رواه الترمذي في سننه: 2890)
“It [ the Surah ] is the protector and saviour which will rescue and redeem him who recites it from the torment of the grave.” [ Transmitted by Tirmidhi who has graded it as ‘liasan, gharib’ as quoted by Qurtubl ]
Sayyidna Ibn ` Abbas (رض) reports that the Messenger of Allah (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:
“It is my heart’s desire that Surah Al-Mulk be in every believer’s heart.” [ Tha` labi ]
Sayyidna Abu Hurairah (رض) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) has said:
“Verily, there is a Surah in the Book of Allah (Qur’an) containing thirty verses that will intercede on behalf of him who recites it until he is rescued from Hell and admitted to Paradise; and it is Surah Tabarak.” [ Qurtubi cites it from Tirmidhi ].
In short, the basic subject of the Surah is to prove the existence of Allah and His perfect knowledge and power by inviting consideration to the marvels of this universe. However, as a subsidiary subject, some other realities are also mentioned like punishment for unbelievers and reward for believers.
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