Surat Al Imran Ayat 190 In Arabic
إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ لَآيَاتٍ لِأُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ ﴿190﴾
Surat Al Imran Ayat 190 Transliteration
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
Inna fee khalqis samaawaati wal ardi wakhtilaafil laili wannahaari la Aayaatil liulil albaab
Surat Al Imran Ayat 190 Translation
In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.
- Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth and (in) the difference of night and day are tokens (of His Sovereignty) for men of understanding,
Surat Al Imran Ayat 190 Ayat Explanation
What does ‘the creation of the heavens and the earth’ mean?
Since خَلْق Khalq is a verbal noun which signifies creation or origina¬tion, it means that there are, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, great signs of Allah Almighty. Therefore, all those Divinely created beings and things in the heavens and the earth also get to be included therein. Then, among these created beings there are king¬doms after kingdoms – each having different types and states – yet each and every such created being is comprehensively pointing out to its Creator. Then, going a little deeper, one would discover that ‘the heavens’ is inclusive of all heights and ‘the earth’ covers all lows. Thus, high or low, all dimensions owe their existence to Allah Almighty.
The different forms of ‘the alternation of the night and day’
Let us now determine the meaning of ‘the alternation of the night and day’. The word اخْتِلَاف ‘Ikhtilaf translated here as ‘alternation’ is derived from the Arabic usage: اَختلفِ فلان فلاناً (Such and such person arrived after such and such person). So, the Arabic expression translated as the alternation of the night and day’ means that the night goes and the day comes and when the day goes, night comes.
The word اخْتِلَاف Ikhtilaf translated here as ‘alternation’ could also be taken to mean increase or decrease. For example, during winter, the night is long and the day is short; while during the summer, the order is reversed. Similarly, the difference between the night and day is also mused by the difference in the geographical location of countries. For example, countries closer to the North Pole have longer days as compared to areas farther away from it. So, it should not be difficult to infer from each such phenomena the essential proof of the most perfect power of Allah Almighty.
What is the meaning of the word, آيت Ayat ?
Ayat (آيت) is the plural of Ayah (آیہ) and is used to express more than one single meaning. Miracles are known as آیت Ayat. It is also applied to the verses of the Holy Qur’an. It is also used in a third sense, that of proof and sign. Here, in the present context, this very third sense is what is intended – meaning that, in these manifestations, there are great signs of Allah, and the proofs of His power.
Wise are those who believe in Allah and always remember Him
To determine the meaning of the expression أُولِي الْأَلْبَاب ، we look into the word ‘albab’ which is the plural of لُب lub. Lexically, it means the essence. Since the essence of everything is its sum-total and the key to its nature and uses, therefore, human wisdom has been called lub, for wisdom is the essence of human nature. Thus, أَلْبَاب ‘albab’ means the people of wisdom’.
Now the problem before us is how to identify the people of wisdom because the whole world claims to be wise. Not even a moron would be ready to admit being devoid of wisdom, reason or sense. Therefore, the Holy Qur’an has told us about some signs which are, in fact, the most sound criterion of wisdom. The first such sign is Faith in Allah. Think of the knowledge which comes from the senses such as hearing, seeing, smelling and tasting and communication, something also found in non-rational animals. Now, it is the job of wisdom or reason to arrive, through signs, circumstantial evidence and proofs, at a particular conclusion which is beyond sense-perception and through which it may become possible to grasp the final link of the chain of causes.
Keeping this rule in view, just think about this universe around us. It should not be too difficult to realize that this wonderfully organised system – comprising the heavens and the earth and containing the whole of creation in between them which is further streamlined by the most deft management of everything, big or small, existing therein – certainly points out to a special Being that has to be the highest and the foremost in terms of Knowledge, Wisdom, Power and Authority. A Being who originated and fashioned all these components with the wisest of consideration and under Whose intention and will this whole system keeps operating. That Being, as obvious, can only be that of the most-exalted Allah. How well some spiritual master has put it in a few words:
ہر گیا ہے کہ از زمین روید
وَحدَہُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ گوید
Every blade of grass sprouting from the earth
Says: He is One; there are no partners in Him
[From Ma’ariful Quran English by Mufti Taqi Uthmani]
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